What is Access Control
Access control is an increasingly common term used in the business security world. You have probably seen it recently in emails, at trade shows, or on service websites. But what does it mean, and what real advantages can it offer your business? Let's look at access control, what types exist, and if this modern way of looking at security is right for you.
Access Control Definition
Access control refers to controlling who is admitted to a specific part of the business. In the modern era, this almost always refers to data. Companies want to protect their valuable information so that it doesn't get stolen. Even with all the hacking around these days, the most dangerous threat to data is from people on site, who can use your own systems.
This is why you tend to see access control measures around server rooms, or installed in company networks. There are some types of data that not every employee should see, and some hardware that only specialists should be able to use.
Two important parts of access control are ACS and ACL. ACS, or access control system, refers to the broad access control measures that tie everything together for easier management. ACL, or access control list, refers to the lists of employees who are allowed to access specific data or hardware.
Types of Access Control
Physical. As we briefly mentioned, it may be important to restrict access to server rooms where data management takes place. In some companies, restricting access to other devices or computers on private networks is also important. Product design or testing areas may also need physical restrictions.
Data. There are also administrative controls used to prevent some employees from accessing sensitive data, such as client financial information. These typically apply to lower-level employees and are managed by IT.
Types of Authentication
Biometric. Fingerprint scanners are becoming increasingly common in the access control world, and are easily installed on nearly any device. More advanced systems that scan faces or palms are also sometimes used (iris scans are effective, but falling out of favor as they tend to be clunky).
Personal codes. These are logins and PINs that are assigned to people in the company. These help keep outsiders from accessing systems as easily and are very easy to manage for IT specialists, making them ideal for businesses with less data to protect.
Security cards. These are especially useful for restricting entrance to server rooms, areas with computers that are connected to important networks, and similar spaces. However, it's important to keep careful track of security cards and use updated systems that make this tracking easier.
Does access control sound like the solution hat your business has needed? Schedule a consultation and learn more about your security options today!